10 things to know about Alexander Calder

Alexander Calder is a virtuoso of balancing, a master scholar of spatial harmony, playing with the counterbalance of unchanging masses. This major artist of the 20th century, having worked beside Miro, Arman andMondrian, is today one of the most popular artists in the market. Born in the USA in 1898 and deceased in 1976, Alexander Calder is acclaimed by all the biggest museums in the world and present in the most prestigious collections.

Artsper delivers you 10 striking elements of Alexander Calder’s career.

{His father and grandfather were sculptors and also called Alexander Calder}

Alexander Stirling Calder (1870-1945) and Alexander Milne Calder (1846-1923) were relativemely famous sculptors in Philadelphia.

{Alexander Calder trained as an engineer}

One would almost have been able to doubt this based on hissculptures carefully balanced by Alexander Calder.

{He was a virtuoso of wire}

His series of portraits made of wire have been notably exhibited in the National Portrait Gallery in Washington in 2011.

{He built a circus with which he performed everywhere he went}

With its music and visual effects, the circus went around the world fantastic by Alexander Calder. Created in 1929, the final show took place in 2009 in the Pompidou Centre

{It was Marcel Duchamp who suggested the name of ‘mobiles’ for Alexander Calder’s sculptures}

At an exhibition in 1932 at Vignon Gallery, Duchamp saw in the collections the moving forms of Alexander Calder’smobiles, assembled around stabiles. Clever!

{The first mobiles by Alexander Calder were animated by small motors which made them move}

{He obtained the Grand Biennial Venice Prize in 1952}

{He personalized a car for the 24 hours of Mans competition}

In a collaboration with Hervé Poulin in 1975, Alexander Calder personalized one of the vehicles for the BMW team. He was the first to participate in the BMW ‘Art Cars’ project, followed by Andy Warhol, César, Arman and even Roy Lichtenstein.

{He also produced several jewels and dishes }

{He died of cardiac arrest in New York, the day of the private viewing of a retrospective at the Whitney Museum of American Art}