10 Things To Know About Jackson Pollock
Jackson Pollock made enormous contributions to the art world and set a precedent which influenced artists for generations. He was the father of abstract expressionism, the creator of the “dripping” technique and the king of “all-over”. Initially he faced massive scrutiny from critics, but was later revered and admired by them. Jackson Pollock’s artworks captivated and inspired the art world.
In order to better understand this iconic artist, Artsper reveals 10 key facts that are helpful to understanding his work and his elusive character.
Key Moments in Pollock’s Career:
- 1912: Jackson Pollock is born
- 1938: He is commissioned to create a mural for Penny Guggenheim.
- 1947-1950: Pollock develops his ‘drip painting’ technique.
- 1949: He receives a four page spread in Life Magazine
- 1955: He abandons the drip technique, painting with much darker colors.
- 1956: Pollock dies in a car crash.
1. “Jackson” is a recent alias
The artist’s real name is Paul Jackson Pollock. It was in 1930 that the artist started using his middle name, Jackson. But this isn’t the only name he’s known by – the magazine The Times gave him the nickname “Jack the Dripper”, named so after his use of his “dripping” technique.
2. He made sculptures as well as paintings
He was a painter, but had a great love for sculpting before he found any success with his paintings. Pollock produced a dozen sculptures during his lifetime, only 6 of which remain today.
3. Thanks to collector Peggy Guggenheim, Pollock found a place in the art world
In 1943, Guggenheim offered him a contract which propelled him into the New York art scene. She commissioned a painting for her Manhattan home, where is hung for several years until she donated in to the University of Iowa. It is now estimated to be worth $140 million.
4. Clement Greenberg’s support helped his rise to fame
“Modernist pictorial art, especially decorative, attract more attention on the physical and immediate qualities of the painting” wrote Clement Greenberg, a modern art critic, ardent supporter of abstract expressionism and of Jackson Pollock. His admiration for Pollock helped the artist’s rise to success. He organized Pollock’s first solo show at Bennington College, Vermont, in 1952.
5. He drew inspiration from the shamanic culture by spreading a mystical breath
Pollock was fascinated by the patterns of indigenous North American art. Pollock also believed in spiritual transformation through the process of creating art. Until the 1940s, his works repeatedly depicted Native American and Inuit motifs, reminiscent of Aboriginal Art.
6. Albert Pinkham Ryder is his favorite painter
Pollock was a big fan of Albert Pinkham Ryder, a 19th century American artist. His paintings often included themes of religion, nature and literature and all of which have an element of the imaginative and the romantic.
7. Fame didn’t suit him
On August 8, 1949, Life magazine published an article which asked the question, “Is he (Pollock) the greatest living painter in the United States?” which projected him to fame. This attention was very much undesired and his mental health suffered from it. Thus he withdrew socially and artistically, abandoning his famous Drip Style to experiment with Black Pourings. These were not well received, with not a single one being sold at the time
8. Pollock hated the idea of meaning being assigned to his art
His fame led to a wave of over-analyzation from critics. He stopped naming his paintings and instead numbered them. This was as he didn’t want people to search for a subject matter, but rather appreciate the paintings as they were.
9. Pollock’s wife had a massive influence on his work
Lee Krasner was a highly-talented and well-connected artist. Her own style concentrated on abstracted natural forms and placing the canvas flat on the floor, and is considered to have massively influenced Pollock’s own work. On a personal level, she was also considered to be a very calming and stabilizing figure in his life.
10. The “Infinite”, a key element of his artistic process
A creative process that is without beginning nor end, but is rather a continuation, is at the foundation of Pollock’s work. This is seen through his use of “all-over”, which removes a focal point from within the artwork and adds a feeling of endlessness to his artwork.
And there you have it, 10 facts to shine a light on the great art and elusive personality of Jackson Pollock. The avant-garde nature of his work led him face much criticism and controversy, like many other American artists of his generation. But Pollock took all this in his stride. “A critic once wrote that my work had no beginning and no end. It wasn’t a compliment, but I took it as such,” he once said. Even after his tragic death in 1956, he leaves behind a legacy of fantastic artwork which continues to inspire.
Key Pollock Exhibitions:
- 1943: Pollock first exhibits at Penny Guggenheim’s Art of this Century gallery.
- 1943: Plans for Pollock’s first solo exhibition at Guggenheim’s museum are drawn up.
- 1945: Pollock’s highly successful second solo exhibition takes place.
- 1950: Solo exhibition at the Museo Correr; Venice.
- 1952: Pollock exhibits eight paintings in The Museumof Modern Art 15 Americans exhibition.
- 1955: The survey exhibition, 15 Years of Jackson Pollock takes place at the Sidney Janis Gallery.
- 1956: The Museum of Modern Art organises a mid-career exhibition for Pollock, looking back on 35 paintings and nine watercolors from the period between 1938-56.
Founded in 2013, Artsper is an online marketplace for contemporary art. Partnering with 1,800 professional art galleries around the world, it makes discovering and acquiring art accessible to all.Learn more